8.31.2019

The Amazing Philippine Coconut!

The Amazing Philippine Coconut!




They recently cut down a couple of coconut trees in the place next to ours. I am happy to see those two trees go because they were scary, especially when the winds blow. We also walk around in the area below the trees sometimes and I do not like the thought of being hit by one or a cluster of coconuts.


bunch of coconuts in a tree

These coconuts are about the size of bowling balls and weigh only just a bit less. You can imagine how unpleasant it would be to be struck by one that has fallen from forty or fifty feet above. Now imagine being struck by a cluster of six or eight of them. You would be dead - and it would most likely have to be a closed casket funeral.

But there is a silver lining to these little green implements of death.

They are delicious!

One of my favorite things on earth is coconut water. It has a mild electrolyte bite that you can only get from drinking it fresh from the coconut. It tastes flat when you pour it into another vessel.

The closest thing I can compare it to is warm beer. Imagine that it's a hot Texas afternoon and you have left your opened can of Coors on the patio for few hours. That is what fresh coconut water tastes like to me -  only in a good and totally addicting way.

You can get to the water through the pointy end of the coconut or through the stem end.


a coconut
stem side up
If you are in a hurry you can just chop off the end leaving a round hole.

Insert straw and drink:


coconut with a straw in it

I am more into the experience of drinking coconut water and not so much into getting it quick. I like to whittle down the stem side revealing the internal shell:


where to stick a straw in coconut shell


When you do this you will see a meridian line with two white spots on one side and a lone white spot on the other. Usually you can just poke a straw through that single white spot. I tried that on this coconut and it did not work so I used my fingernail. There was so much pressure in this little grenade that the water exploded out several feet covering me in the stuff. I have never seen that before. 

What was left was very good:



I drank five of them today and thought it best to stop at that because it can be dangerous according to Internet wisdom. The water from a single coconut can contain hundreds of milligrams of potassium and that can have adverse health affects if overdone over a short period of time. This time though it gave me a great boost.

Meat of the coconut is also quite good and full of antioxidants and trace minerals. The saturated fat in coconut meat may also reduce LDL (bad cholesterol) and increase HDL (good cholesterol). The fiber is mostly of the insoluble type and I can attest that it is very good for getting digestion moving.




The little yellowish/tan flecks on the white coconut meat are from the shell. If you are allergic to tree nuts, then you may also be allergic to coconut. Like tree nuts, coconut does contain tyramine. Tyramine may trigger migraines. I have noticed that I sometimes get migraines when I do not clean the shell from the meat as diligently as I should. I do not get migraine headaches, but only the visual aura. This means that I get trippy squiggly dancing rainbow colored lines in my visual field. This could be a problem if I had to drive, otherwise it goes away after a few minutes.

Bottom line is that coconuts are a deadly, but awesome part of living in the Philippines.

Even dogs love coconuts:

dog watching coconut being cut

8.30.2019

Trip To Iloilo And Guimaras

Trip To Iloilo And Guimaras


mountain view panay

The scene above is taken from the mountain road near Iloilo. You can just make out the ancient terraces on the hill. 

The approximate location of Guimaras:

© Eugene Alvin Villar, 2003 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

We traveled by air conditioned bus on this trip and almost needed a blanket because the bus was absolutely ice cold:
air conditioned ceres bus

We gave the Iloilo Urban Inn a try this time. Urban Inn is good for a night or two and maybe a bit longer. When staying there I would recommend checking the room before checking in. They have "executive" rooms and these are street facing and they also have Jalousie windows, which if you are not familiar with them, are slatted glass windows that cannot be closed completely and therefore allow more sound leakage:

"Jalousie_slats.png" by Renlis licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

The image above is just an example of the type of window and not taken at the hotel.

They have rooms on the ground floor that are very quiet and clean, but these have cellphone access issues due to being shielded within the interior of the building - but they do offer free wifi. We had one of these rooms for a night and it was good. They have well heated showers and may come with complimentary breakfast for two guests. You can add an extra mattress to the room for a little more cash. 

We also stayed on the fourth floor and that room was also good with the added bonus of great Globe wireless access.

Urban Inn does offer a shuttle (the silver Innova in the photo below) and it cost us 150PHP to go to the port from the hotel. That is about what a taxi would cost plus the shuttle is nice and new and the driver is also very kind and quite knowledgeable of the area.

urban inn iloilo front entrance

From Iloilo we traveled to Guimaras for a short stay with friends. The passage from the port at Iloilo to the Buenavista, Guimaras port is only a couple of miles:

Map Data © OpenStreetMap contributors

This stretch of the Iloilo straight was struck by tragedy last month when several small banca boats were struck by a squall mid-trip. Three of the bancas were overturned and 31 people died. 

Before this event only banca boats had been used to travel between Iloilo and the Buenavista port on Guimaras. Now they have a larger ferry boat in operation for that route and that is what we utilized for our crossing to the MacAthur Wharf Ferry Terminal in Buenavista.

Below is the schedule of trips between Iloilo and both the Buenavista and Jordan ports on Guimaras:
ferry schedule iloilo to buenavista guimaras

The crossing is only 50PHP per head and you can sit atop where the sides are open or sit down below in the air conditioned section. They advertise that the ac part costs 70PHP, but on our trip every seat was 50PHP with open seating. 

The trip only takes five minutes so you might miss it just getting your camera turned on:





And in only five minutes we pulled in to MacArthur Ferry Terminal:


buenavista guimaras port


Back in Iloilo we tried out a new buffet place (new to us) called Farm to Table:


farm to table iloilo

Farm to Table is located on the new Festive Walk that is located near the new Marriott. 

The evening buffet is priced at 399PHP per head and offers mainly Filipino cuisine with some other choices as well. My favorites on that night were the tempura shrimp, sliced roast beef and the home made avocado ice cream.

The new Bureau of Immigration Office is also located within the Festive Walk complex at coordinates 10.7178°N,122.5477° E:


Map Data © OpenStreetMap contributors

The BOI Office is on the 3rd floor of the Festive Walk Mall Annex.

On the 2nd and 3rd floors there is a catwalk that leads from the Mall Annex to the main Mall:


3rd floor catwalk looking north

3rd floor catwalk looking south

With our trip complete it was time for a rainy return home.



8.27.2019

That You Might Have Life

That You Might Have Life



Jesus Christ is not a created being. He is the creator:

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 The same was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

God became flesh in the person of Jesus Christ:

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

Man is morally depraved and incapable of pleasing God through works:

Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

Man is spiritually dead and separated from God by sin: 

Romans 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.
Isaiah 59:2 But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear.

All men are born in sin and born spiritually blind and enemies of God:

Romans 8:7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

Man is destined to stand before God and to receive judgement for sins:

Revelation 20:12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. 13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.

Hell was NOT created for man, but for the angels who sinned:

2 Peter 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;

When you die in your sin there is only one judgement:

Revelation 20:15 And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
Mark 9:44 Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.

Satan desires to lead all men into the same punishment that he is destined for:

1 Peter 5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour.

Only the blood of Christ can restore the broken relationship between man and God:

Romans 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
Romans 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; 24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: 25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;

Salvation cannot be earned, but you must accept it to receive it:

Ephesians 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.

When you have Jesus you have an advocate to plead your case before the Lord:

1 John 2:1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: 2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for [the sins of] the whole world.

Once you accept Christ the process of repentance begins and it is the Holy Spirit who begins it within you and it is He who shall finish it:

Philippians 1:6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ.

God has predestined us, but this does not mean that we have no free will.


What predestination means is that God has had a plan for us all since before time began. It is His will that we should walk in that perfect plan for our lives, but because of our own will we do stray from God's will.

God's predestined path for us is not something that we are forced to follow and so it does not mean that everything we do (good and bad) was God's predestined will for us. His will for us is for us to be completely obedient to Him and for us to walk in His perfect will, but we do not.

Because of the blood of Christ God does not judge us according to our deeds when we stray from His will. He judges us according to the justification of Jesus Christ if we be found in Christ.

If we are in Christ, then there is no more condemnation:

Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
Romans 8:30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
There is no more condemnation - this is true.

It is true IF you walk according to the spirit and to do that there must be repentance, which is to say a walking away from one's former life.

There are two kinds of hearts. 


Those who repent:

Acts 2: 36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ. 37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do? 38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

And those that are too proud to repent:

Acts 5:30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree. 31 Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. 32 And we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey him. 33 When they heard that, they were cut to the heart, and took counsel to slay them.

It is important now to answer the question of "repent from what?"


In these two cases above Peter and then Steven are addressing fellow Jews. They are imploring Jews to repent of their unbelief in Christ. Notice Peter's answer to those who asked "what must we do to be saved?" Peter answers "repent and be baptized." He did not tell them believe on the Lord Jesus Christ - why? Because that is implicit in what he is telling them to repent - their unbelief.


Do you have an Acts 2 heart or do you have an Acts 5 heart?


The mystery of salvation and the need for it is deeper than the deepest mysteries of the universe.


Those who mock are truly foolish. Rather than trying to make sense of salvation, just accept Christ by faith. Humble yourself before Him and admit your weakness and utter wretchedness before the Holy God. Ask Him to forgive you and begin your new life following Jesus. 

It is God's desire to reconcile all of us unto Himself. I cannot explain why God has designed salvation the way He has any more than I can explain how He constructed time and space. Consider that.

Modern man has been made proud by the deceitfulness of sin.

Modern man thinks himself a god, when he is in fact fragile and his life fleeting.

You shall stand before the almighty God one day and give an account for yourself.


You will have no defense once you have rejected Jesus Christ. 


Those of us who have accepted Christ begin to fall back into sin when we get away from God, go off on our own path and stop studying God's word. We also begin to doubt the truth of God and we doubt our salvation. We stop talking with God. As we fall further away from God we fall further into sin. We are told to help each other stay on the path that Jesus has set for us:
Hebrews 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
Before you go too far, think back to the time when you first received Christ. Once again, right then, at that very moment you need to stop and get down on your knees and ask God to forgive you. Whatever it is that you have been doing that has led you astray. Humble yourself immediately. I know it may be difficult. I know that pride creeps in and unbelief rises up. But it is important to maintain a spirit of humility and sorrow for our sin.

It is not possible to walk in sin and walk with Christ. If you are in Christ and you continue in sin you will find this leads to a terrible guilt and shame. This is the spirit once dead that is now alive warring with your flesh. It leads you to repent of the sin, but if you continue to allow yourself to fall back into sin you will become callous to it and it will lose its "sinfulness" to you. Eventually, if not brought under subjection, this sin will cause your faith to be lost.

Sin separates you from God. It is you leaving God not him leaving you. The more you walk in sin the farther you are from God. The farther you are from God the less you can hear his voice and direction for your life. You also fall outside of his protection and become increasingly vulnerable to satanic attack. The voice of God will be replaced by the voice of Satan if you fail to bring your sin under subjection and live a holy life.

If we say we have no sin we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. So we will always have struggles with sin as long as we are in these bodies of flesh. But we must strive to not be led astray by sin, as followed to its natural end sin in the life of a Christian can lead to apostasy.

8.23.2019

Simple Cure For An Ingrown Toenail

Simple Cure For An Ingrown Toenail




A Little Toenail...A Huge Pain


Over the past eight months I have been allowed to experience the joy of losing a toenail. It all started last December when I had to get stitches in my foot from an injury I received while clearing some trees around our property. 

To prevent that sort of thing from happening again I had the brilliant idea to get myself some steel toed shoes. During the first week of wearing the steel tips I notice a strange dull ache in my left big toe. The nail soon turned various shades of purple and black. The land I had been working on was hilly and uneven I reasoned that I had spent an extended period of time where the steel toe had placed pressure on the toe nail and that this had caused the injury to the nail bed.

The pain subsided after a few days and I even hoped that the nail would survive, but this was not going to happen. As days and weeks went by the nail began to loosen from the bed and it was clear that it would eventually fall off completely. Complete separation took about two and a half months.

The nail came off painlessly, except for a tiny sliver that wanted to hang on to the right side of the toe. I gradually cropped this bit as it loosened day by day until there was just the tiniest bit hanging on by a thread. I grew tired of that hanger on and decided to just twist it off. This little impatience might have been the cause of my future ordeal, but I'll never know for sure.

The Cure For An Ingrown Toenail: Time...And Hot Water 


The nail grew steadily and painlessly without any trouble for about two more months. This is when it began to become ingrown on that right side. 

I dealt with the pain of this ingrown nail for perhaps two and a half more months. In that time I visited the doctor who discussed different possible resolutions, none of which sounded good because they all presented the possibility of recurrence. 

I opted to just allow it to continue to grown until it pushed through the end.

I had read on the Internet many times that it helps to soak the foot. Being too tough and too smart for such a simple solution, I ignored this sage advice....

until five days ago.

That is when I started soaking my now debilitating and enormous red appendage.

I boiled about a quart of water and dissolve about an eighth of a cup of sea salt in it. This solution would then be added to roughly 1.5 gallons of water in a small bucket. I made the water as hot as I could take and the soaking would last about thirty minutes, adding additional hot water as the bucket water cooled.

After five days the swelling and redness is almost completely gone, as is the pain. I now feel confident that I can allow the nail to grow out naturally with no need for medical intervention.

Salt water soaking is a miracle cure for an ingrown toe nail, at least in my book.  YMMV

Oh and I need to emphasize that this treatment needs to be continued and constant every day until the healing process is complete. If you stop or skip a day or two, then the skin and nail will once again begin to harden and you will notice the pain returning.

Two Months Later 


I wrote the above back in August and now it is October. The toenail is essentially healed. It still hurts a little, but it is nothing serious and I can live with it. 

I think my situation could have been a lot worse if this had happened back in the USA and I had to work a 9-5 and wear shoes. As it is, I was able to only wear flip flops and rest a lot, which probably made the process go smoother than it would have otherwise.

8.10.2019

Home Made Fajitas With Guacamole

Home Made Fajitas With Guacamole


fajitas with guacamole


Fajitas In the Philippines!


We make our own flour tortillas for burritos and fajitas and we use local avocados for the guacamole.

The guacamole recipe is very simple and foolproof (and does not include strychnine):
  • two medium avocados
  • 1/2 tbsp cumin seed
  • 1-2 tsp sea salt
  • diced onions and tomatoes
  • 1 oz lime juice
The lime juice comes from our calamansi trees. White vinegar works just fine when no calamansi is available - but we do use just a touch less.

White King flour is best for making tortillas. White King is by far the best brand of flour I have yet discovered. It smells heavenly and tastes divine. Sometimes my wife will make a half dozen tortillas and I just eat them plain.

We pay between 90 and 140PHP per kilo for avocados. The ones that we used this time were purchased at the local market for 60PHP per kilo. They did not look so good externally and one turned out to be bad, but the others were perfect inside and tasted excellent. 

I really do not understand the recent news about ERs in the US filling up with people who split their hands while cutting avocados. There is no need to apply a great deal of pressure. Gently press the knife into the avocado until you feel the seed. Next, while keeping the knife firmly inside, slowly spin the avocado around. Remove the knife and twist the avocado. (I should make a video for this.)

The chicken comes from Robinson's Supermarket and it is top quality. Lately we are paying about 160 PHP per kilo, which works out to about $1.45 per pound. At the time when we left the US a decade ago we had been paying $1.99 per pound for boneless chicken breast at the Super Walmart.

When I finished with this latest round of fajitas I settled in to Season 3 of Fargo with a nice tall avocado shake:


avocado shake

Since the shakes are full of shaved ice, I like to temper them with freshly brewed coffee so I do not end up in a brain freeze coma.


8.09.2019

The Amazing Avocado Of The Philippines

The Amazing Avocado Of The Philippines


large avocados turning purple


It's Avocado Season!


I always avoided avocados before I came to the Philippines. All I knew about avocados was that they were the green stuff I left on my plate at the Mexican restaurant. I always thought guacamole was gross - plus you never know who might have put strychnine in it (inside joke).

But coming to the Philippines changed all of that. Avocados are cheap and plentiful, costing the equivalent of about eighty cents per pound where we live. We have even managed to get a few young avocado trees growing in the back yard.

We eat avocados almost everyday now. Supposedly, the monounsaturated fat (oleic acid) in avocado works to lower LDL (bad cholesterol) and raise HDL (good cholesterol). I love to eat them on home made burritos and I even choke them down plain just for the fact that they are good for health.

Most of all, I love avocado shakes. I am in charge of making guacamole (sans strychnine), but my wife is the expert at making avocado shakes.


Ingredients For The Avocado Shake:

  • about 1/4 cup of brown sugar
  • two average size avocados
  • half a blender full of ice
  • enough Alaska Fresh Milk to make it all work
  • cinnamon (not shown)
What you end up with is about three cups of spectacular:


avocado shake

I know it does not look like much, but trust me, it's spectacular. I am in fact an addict. I could drink avocado shakes all day and usually do.




8.03.2019

Philippines PDIC Insurance Coverage

PDIC Info For Expats Banking In Philippines





Disclaimer


This article is not professional advice. These are the opinions of a layman. No guarantee can be made about the accuracy or factual nature of any information found in this article. 

Table Of Contents


PDIC: The Philippine Depository Insurance Corporation


If you plan on relocating to the Philippines, then PDIC is something that you need to know about and understand. PDIC functions in much the same way as the FDIC in the US.

If you have money in a Philippine bank, then it is likely that in whole or in part it is covered by PDIC. 

Like The FDIC, There Is A Maximum PDIC Coverage Per Depositor

Effective June 1, 2009, the maximum deposit insurance coverage is P500,000 per depositor. All deposit accounts by a depositor in a closed bank maintained in the same right and capacity shall be added together.
There are certain cases that expand coverage and those scenarios are discussed below.

Exceptions To PDIC Account Coverage


R.A. No. 9576 stipulates that PDIC will not pay deposit insurance for the following accounts or transactions:
  1. Investment products such as bonds, securities and trust accounts;
  2. Deposit accounts which are unfunded, fictitious or fraudulent;
  3. Deposit products constituting or emanating from unsafe and unsound banking practices;
  4. Deposits that are determined to be proceeds of an unlawful activity as defined under the Anti-Money Laundering Law.

PDIC Coverage Scenarios 


Another similarity to FDIC is the fact that joint accounts are insured separately from any individually-owned deposit account. So a married couple can have up to 2,000,000 PHP in a single bank and it can all be insured under PDIC in four separate accounts: two held individually and two held jointly and each account containing the 500,000 PHP maximum.

Exercise caution with joint accounts. If you carefully study the PDIC scenarios and explanations you will find that the P500,000 limit applies on a per account basis. If you have more than P500,000 in a single account, then that excess will not be covered. This is regardless of how many joint account holders own the account or how much coverage they have left over from other joint accounts they may hold. 

PDIC provides some useful tools for you to determine exactly what can be covered across various scenarios. The PDIC coverage scenarios are a good primer for showing you how certain hypothetical account scenarios would be covered (or not covered), but the best tool is the PDIC calculator which allows you to input details of exactly how you want to create your accounts and it will show you what is and is not covered.

Be careful about accounts in multiple banks, because sometimes what appears to be different banks is actually the same bank, so if the parent fails, then your different accounts get added together and you lose.

Bank Failure 


Bank failure in the Philippines does not seem to be any more common than it is in the US - just my anecdotal opinion. But it does happen. Most of the time it will be the smaller banks, like rural banks that fail. In my near decade in the Philippines I have never had any personal experience with any kind of bank failure nor do I know anyone who has. 

I learned only after the the fact that we may have dodged a bullet back in the 2011/2012 time-frame when we had significant accounts with PNB. Back then, when PNB was in the process of merging with Allied Bank, PNB was considered to be borderline insolvent: 
Philippine National Bank (PNB) has a borderline insolvency ratio of 153.50% as of June 30, 2012, down 6.03% from 163.35% as of March 31, 2012. 
Allied Bank was in better financial shape than PNB and since that time PNB has steadily improved. I do not believe that PNB would have ever been allowed to fail, because it is one of the biggest and oldest banks in the Philippines. The failure of PNB would have cost the Philippines a great deal of economic confidence at home and abroad.

Filing A PDIC Claim 


If your bank fails, then you must file a claim with PDIC within 24 months. Otherwise you forfeit your right to file a claim. However you may still be able to make a claim against the assets of the bank. This is also the case if you have a balance over the insured limit. Filing a claim against bank assets is not guaranteed to be a success and even if successful there will be costs associated and much time spent and still no guarantee that you will get back all or any of your money. Such claims must be filed with the liquidator of the closed bank within sixty (60) days from publication of notice of closure. Keep in mind that there will most likely be a long line of other creditors that may be ahead of you.

To limit loss and hassle, keep all accounts within the insured limits and promptly file a claim in case of bank failure.

Time-Frame For PDIC To Pay Claims

The claim for insured deposit should be settled within six (6) months from the date of filing provided all requirements are met but the claim must be filed within twenty-four (24) months after bank takeover. The six-month period shall not apply if the documents of the claimant are incomplete or if the validity of the claim requires the resolution of issues of facts and law by another office, body or agency, independently or in coordination with PDIC.
Notice the phrase "should be settled within six (6) months." They use the word "should" rather than "shall" because the word "shall" would be your guarantee that your claim would be settled within six months. In this case "should" indicates that we all hope that is the case, but perhaps it is not.

Unsafe And Unsound Banking Practices


Be familiar with these "unsafe/unsound" banking practices that MIGHT place a financial institution in danger of losing PDIC coverage:
  1. Solicitation and acceptance of deposits outside bank premises. 
  2. Solicitation and acceptance of deposits outside  bank premises. 
  3. Non-compliance with the minimum identification and documentation requirements for depositors for opening of deposit accounts. 
  4. Failure to keep bank records  (printed  and/or  electronic) within the bank premises. 
  5. Recording deposits or withdrawals without legitimate supporting documents 
  6. Offering and accepting high cost deposits despite the Cease and Desist Order issued by the Monetary Board. 
  7. Granting high interest rates when the bank has (i) negative unimpaired capital and (ii) either a liquid assets-to- deposits ratio of less than 10% or an operating loss. 
  8. Allowing depositors to deposit directly into the bank’s deposit account/s with other banks without implementing controls. 
  9. Allowing unauthorized bank personnel and non-bank personnel to handle deposit transactions. 
  10. Failure to reconcile inter-branch deposit transactions or deposit float items within 7 banking days.
  11. Allowing depositors to deposit, withdraw, and/or transfer funds without proper documentation such as a duly accomplished deposit or withdrawal slip or debit/credit memo, or its equivalent. 
  12. Making, use or issuance of bank advertisements, marketing proposals or strategies, and other similar statements or issuances, which directly or indirectly offer, promise, represent, or promote: (a) a separate and distinct PDIC  deposit  insurance cover for deposit accounts maintained in the same right and capacity of a depositor, either in his own name or in the name of others who have no beneficial ownership over the account/s; or (b) deposit insurance coverage that is inconsistent with and otherwise violative of the laws, rules and regulations and/or policies on beneficial ownership and deposit splitting. 
  13. Failure to adopt a Board-approved Operations Manual (OM) on Deposit Record  Keeping and/or submission of an inadequate OM that does not reflect deposit practices. 
  14. Allowing bank employees to process their own deposit transactions including those of their relatives up to fourth degree of consanguinity or affinity.

The Deposit Insurance Fund


The Deposit Insurance Fund is the fund that PDIC uses to pay out covered accounts. The Deposit Insurance Fund is composed of three parts:
The Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF) is the capital/equity account of the Corporation and consists of the following: (a) the permanent insurance fund; (b) reserves for insurance losses; and (c) retained earnings. The DIF shall be maintained at a reasonable level to ensure capital adequacy.
This information came from Financial Highlights, Page 11 under f.2 Equity, located under the Site Map on the PDIC website.

Page 4, Statements of Financial Position, shows a total equity of 147,150,186,499 PHP for these three components. This is the total amount of cash available to pay out in case of bank failures.

Within the PDIC Quarterly Deposit Trend for December 2018, on page 1 we find that total deposits as of December 2018 amount to 12.7453 trillion PHP (figures are given in billions so 12,745.3 billion PHP = 12.7453 trillion PHP).

The graphics and tables on page 4 show that 96.3% of 62.9 million total accounts are at or below the 500,000 PHP coverage limit. But these 60.5 million fully covered accounts only account for 11.8% of total deposits, leaving 11.178 trillion PHP in deposits only partially covered. We know that this 11.178 trillion PHP is held by 2.3 million accounts (table 5), so multiplying 2.3 million accounts by the 500,000 PHP limit we can know that of the 11.178 trillion PHP only 1.15 trillion PHP is covered by PDIC. Adding this to the 1.504 trillion in fully insured accounts gives us a total of 2.654 trillion PHP that is covered by PDIC insurance.

As stated earlier (from the Financial Highlights document) the total equity in the Insurance fund is 147.15 billion PHP. This amount is approximately 5.5% of total insured deposits. This is not atypical. The US mandated reserve is 1.35% and in practice they run about 2%. But the US stated maximum insured deposit is also 25 times that of the Philippines (at current exchange rates), being $250,000 as opposed to the Philippines' 500,000 PHP (~$10,000).

Bank Balance Sheet


Banks are required by law to make their balance sheet publicly available. The big Philippine banks usually publish these on their website and are also required to publish it in the newspaper. Rural banks may post them on premises or in other conspicuous locations. Full details of balance sheet publishing requirements can be found on the PDIC website.

The items I scan for on the balance sheets are assets, liabilities, nonperforming assets (NPA) and the Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR). 

I want to compare the assets to the liabilities and also see how the two compare over time. What were they on the previous quarterly reports. Have there been big changes? Is capital adequate to cover liabilities?

I also want to know about nonperforming assets. Nonperforming assets are loans that have not been paid in 90 days or more. There is always going to be a certain percentage of NPAs, but in general they are held to about 10% of total loans. Any more than that or if they is an uptrend across quarterly reports and I will be concerned.

Capital Adequacy Ratio formula
Capital adequacy ratios (CARs) are a measure of the amount of a bank's core capital expressed as a percentage of its risk-weighted asset.
Capital adequacy ratio is defined as:
{\mbox{CAR}}={\cfrac {\mbox{Tier 1 capital + Tier 2 capital}}{\mbox{Risk weighted assets}}}
TIER 1 CAPITAL = (paid up capital + statutory reserves + disclosed free reserves) - (equity investments in subsidiary + intangible assets + current & brought-forward losses)
TIER 2 CAPITAL = A) Undisclosed Reserves + B) General Loss reserves + C) hybrid debt capital instruments and subordinated debts where Risk can either be weighted assets (\,a) or the respective national regulator's minimum total capital requirement. If using risk weighted assets,
{\mbox{CAR}}={\cfrac {T_{1}+T_{2}}{a}} ≥ 10%.[1]
The percent threshold varies from bank to bank (10% in this case, a common requirement for regulators conforming to the Basel Accords) and is set by the national banking regulator of different countries.
Two types of capital are measured: tier one capital (T_{1} above), which can absorb losses without a bank being required to cease trading, and tier two capital (T_{2} above), which can absorb losses in the event of a winding-up and so provides a lesser degree of protection to depositors.
The CAR is important because it shows that a bank has taken basic steps to shore up funds against risk. The higher the CAR the better prepared the bank is to deal with unexpected loss. The minimum CAR is currently 10.5% under Basel III. A higher CAR is better.

The Bottom Line


For me, the plan is to limit exposure to potential loss as much as is possible. I only bring necessary cash into the country and the rest stays in the US. I keep my balances under the insured limit and these days I do not get too cute with spreading accounts across too many different banks. Having too many accounts is also a hassle when you do your FBAR and taxes. 

This post is my layman's understanding of PDIC as it pertains to my personal experience. As always, use caution and your better judgment in making financial decisions. And if you spot something incorrect or just plain dumb in this post, then please leave a comment so I can fix it.